The building which houses the Upper School at Poughkeepsie Day School is steeped in creativity; Thomas Watson and early IBM inventors once worked in the basement, tinkering with ideas that grew into one of the largest and most successful companies in the world. It is only fitting that PDS took over the building in the 1990’s, and though they need some upgrades to the old buildings, the school’s strong Progressive Era roots and the creative insights of industrial explorers are both aligned with what we now call 21st Century skills.
PDS is a relatively small PreK-12 co-ed school with about 300 students. I will say right off that this is not a school with large financial resources. The Hudson River Valley was hit hard in the recession, and the school has stuck to its mission of a truly progressive education, which means it is not for every student. What struck me is the enormous amount of program selection and student opportunity that Head Josie Holford and her team have been able to create and maintain, even with quite limited means. This is good news for the rest of us; they are a model of how to offer programs that are highly attuned to the needs of the individual, create 21C-focused curriculum (mostly because they never forgot their Dewey roots), and do it with limited resources.
- No letter grades; student evaluations consist of comprehensive narratives which identify habits of learning.
- College counselors prepare a summary of the narratives for admissions officers.
- Students do take SAT or ACT; generally PDS students are accepted to colleges which would be real reaches based on their standard tests alone.
- PDS accepts a wide range of students; ERB scores are not a main factor.
- No AP’s. They do offer lesson plans called “advanced topics” if students are eager and able to proceed to higher levels; these sound like advanced tutorials at other schools.
PDS has had a very creative schedule since their founding which includes long interdisciplinary blocks of time; this is their “core curriculum”. In every 8-day cycle there is one full day for intensives, which can occur on or off campus. As they described it to me, they have a mini-interim session once each cycle. On all of the other days, periods are 80 minutes.
To PDS, innovation means keeping aware of the world the students are living in, and providing learning and support within that world. They feel it is critical for the students to become fully connected to their community, which may in fact be harder than becoming connected to people in other countries. They constantly keep three questions at the forefront (these are important; write them down!):
- What is learning?
- What is creativity?
- What is engagement?
They constantly talk to students to understand how their personal interests intersect with curriculum through the lens of these questions.
PDS has a problem, which is very real, but also is at the core of their success. Because of their flexible approach to time, and because they truly want to engage students where they are, they are offering a LOT of course opportunities. The “problem” is that the faculty eagerly takes on the extra work, and in some settings this could lead to burn out. They have a remarkable commitment to this method of learning. Teachers take on more work, and there is never an argument about equity of time or teaching loads. From a financial point of view, therefore, they are doing more with less based on a true collegial and collaborative commitment to the methods of a progressive program.
Here are some of the grade level programs that PDS has created that you may be interested in:
- Kindergarten: partnership with a local farm to learn about food, economics, science, and types of work; students go out to the farm, work, and bring food back with them to school.
- 1st grade: students survey and interview shop owners and residents along Market Street in Poughkeepsie to learn about how a city uses resources, what makes a community, and the connection between the economy and jobs.
- 2nd-3rd grades: like some of the NYC schools, they are involved in an extensive program to study the Hudson River and collect longitudinal data on the health of the system.
- All School: Weekly “choice time” where students of mixed ages work on projects or subjects of their choosing, and the students help lead the courses. I talked to one confident 7th grade boy who had just taught iMovie to his group-mates and they were going to each show a one-minute movie they had made.
- Middle School: they have just renovated a hallway and expanded it to make a wonderful common area off of all of the classrooms. Students can study or meet in this common area. They also opened the Da Vinci room, which is a place where students, materials, tools, and resources come together for creative tinkering, much like the idea behind the Fab Lab at Marymount that I reported on last week.
After school let out I had a chance to talk with some of the faculty. One Middle School humanities teacher has gone paperless in her classroom, and her students have a class blog, wiki, and Twitter accounts. At Open House last week, she led the parents through opening their own Twitter accounts and sending out their first Tweets.
Mapping out the future is highly intentional and Josie has created a powerful mechanism to move forward. Most of the faculty and staff have volunteered to participate in one of five all-school teams that are the main engine for figuring out what change will mean going forward. The five teams are:
- Cultural diversity
- Digital citizenship
- Brain theory and research
- Project based learning
The teams are asking questions, engaging in research, reflecting, focusing on key areas that will differentiate learning, finding out what is possible, and then developing constructs that work for them. As one member said, “We now have big conversations that can go somewhere”.
Think about what those teams are set up to accomplish. They self-generated the big questions that resonate with their mission, and have a mechanism to go from questions to solutions. Boom: innovation. They are not buying a canned solution; they are working the problem. Great process, great examples for others to follow, great little school in the Hudson River Valley.